Lok Satta

Friday, 09 November 2012 06:27

TRANSFORMING INDIA & TRANSFORMING WORLD

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NAVA YUGA NIRMAN [NYN] FOUNDATIONS PRESENTS         

TRANSFORMING INDIA
&
TRANSFORMING WORLD

BY
YOUTH FOR TRANSFORMATION [YFT]
PHILANTHROPISTS FOR TRANSFORMATION [PFT]


PROJECT 1



TRANSFORMING INDIA


A HEAVEN OF FREEDOM

WHERE THE MIND IS WITHOUT FEAR AND HEAD IS HELD HIGH;
WHERE KNOWLEDGE IS FREE;
WHERE THE WORLD HAS NOT BEEN BROKEN UP INTO FRAGMENTS,
BY THE NARROW DOMESTIC WALLS;
WHERE THE TIRELESS STRIVING STRETCHES ITS ARMS TOWARDS PERFECTION;
WHERE THE WORDS COME OUT FROM THE DEPTH OF TRUTH;
WHERE THE CLEAR STREAM OF REASON HAS NOT LOST ITS WAY,
INTO DREARY DESERT SAND OF DEAD HABIT;
WHERE THE MIND IS LED FORWARD BY THEE,
INTO EVERWIDENING THOUGHT AND ACTION;
INTO THAT HEAVEN OF FREEDOM, MY FATHER, LET MY COUNTRY AWAKE;

BY
RABINDRANATH TAGORE
AN EXTRACT FROM GITANJALI

INDIA is our motherland. It is a motherland to 1.2 billion people today.     India was a great a country in the past. History was a witness of her glory. Human mind travelled to the distant lands which remained virgin till then. She gave birth to rishis and yogis who unveiled the truths of creation. Their experiences were written down as Vedas and Upanishads. Their wisdom lit the lamp of human soul. It throws light that destroy the darkness in millions of lives. It guides the destiny of numerous generations to come. Civilisations flourished and achieved excellence in fields of education, economy, society, politics and religion. Great kings, brave warriors, wise scholars, prophets, seers, saints, mystics, artists, poets, craftsmen and many more who were experts in their field contributed to the greatness of this holy land.


People were dedicated to their duty and bound to the law of the land. Education was based on the gurukul system where the student stayed with the master and learnt the skills. The Brahmins were taught Vedas, the kshatriyas were taught warfare, the vaishyas learnt the trade and the children of artists and craftsmen were taught their family occupation. The shudras served the society and rest of the above classes. This social division initially was based on profession and hence it led to overall growth of the society [But as time passed it transformed into a rigid caste system based on birth]. Economically the country was very rich. The agriculture was main occupation and country had abundant harvest. Sufficient food was available. The trade and commerce flourished with the neighbouring countries. People were as rich as to sell diamonds in the open markets. Politically the country was very strong. Great kings ruled the country on the advice of wise men. The administration was effective and the country was strong. However this golden age prevailed only till the 12th century.


After basking in glory for more than 3000 years India has to now undergo tough times. The rich and prosperity of the country made foreign rulers to eye on it. In the late 12th century foreign invaders began to invade the country. Thus began the dark age of Indian history. First came the barbarians, and then followed by Persians, then the Mughals, who made themselves the masters of this vast land. They were later followed by European powers like the Portuguese, the Dutch, the French and ultimately the British, who ruled this land for 200 years. Our motherland was severely oppressed during these 800 years of foreign rule. The rulers plundered the temples and looted the riches. People were heavily taxed and assaulted. This assault led to conservative religious and social practises. The child marriages, the sati, the caste discrimination were all the horrible incarnations of these brutal acts of invaders and foreign powers [though sati was prevalent prior to 12th century it was limited to only few places and mostly was performed voluntarily].


India was drastically changed to great extent under the British rule. While some remained good, others were ruined the national interests. The gurukul system was replaced by British education system. Though it introduced scientific temper in Indians it had negative shades as well. The ancient Gurukul System lacked modern science and technology. But it taught values, ethics, social sciences, medicine, mathematics, philosophy, astronomy and religious books. During the ceremony of ‘Annaprasanna’ at the age of 2 or 3 the child is let free to choose anything around him. There are so many things kept around him like toys, books, musical instruments, sword etc. The child is believed to become whatever he chose and he was later developed in this. This is the key of true education system, “to discover the potential in a child”. This was ideology of Gurukul system. It enhanced the quality in essential factors of life. I say human life has two basic factors (1) Essential Factors & (2) Supporting factors. Food, clothes and shelter are supporting factors of life while essential factors are the core abilities of a person and the values he follows. Gurukul system also gave the pupil the science of spiritualism. It was only India where spiritualists were born and revolutionised the society and lives of hundreds of generations with their wise teachings. In fact, there was no other country which developed this science of spiritualism to such an advance state that unveiled the truth of life and creation and the goal of human life. India from ancient times had this rich lineage and family of rishis, yogis, seers, saints and mystics who guided the destiny of our nation. Their experiences were recorded in Vedas. This wisdom was passed on to generation after generation by master disciple lineage. In fact, this was the soul of our nation and kept the national spirit alive even after numerous waves of foreign invasion. The western education system lacked this ‘golden egg’. It emphasised more on training than discovery. Hence the product of this system was more or less like a photocopy and their original.

Economically the country collapsed as the backbone of our economy i.e., the agriculture turned disastrous due to famines and severe taxes levied by British. Small scale industries collapsed due to cheap products of English factories. The artists and craftsmen ran out of work and their families starved to hunger. Socially, many evils like caste discrimination, sati and child marriages kept into the society which led to fall in social standards. Politically the country was weak, firstly, due to tactics played by the British, secondly, due to incapabilities of Indian rulers. The situation improved when reformers and fighters made people conscious of their self respect and freedom. People began to oppose the British rule. This turned out into a mass movement of freedom for the country. Our freedom fighters led forward this freedom movement. As a result of their efforts and sacrifices India became an independent country. The clutches of our motherland was broken and thus, ends the dark age of Indian history.

A New Age of began. Our freedom fighters and forefathers dreamt of a strong and Independent India. Our leaders stood up to fulfil their dreams. Constitution was laid down and India was declared a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic. It was moment that filled joy in every Indian’s heart; it filled patriotism in the air. Mother India began her journey as a free nation towards her destiny.
It is 2012 now. India has completed 65 years of Independence and 62 years of democracy. What is the state of our motherland today? What is the situation of our country today? Is our country heading towards her destiny? Can she go by herself? Isn’t it the holy responsibility bestowed on each one of us to take her to her destiny? What is her destiny?

INDIA TODAY

India is the largest democracy in the world. Elections are held every five years in peaceful and healthy atmosphere. The representatives are directly elected by the people. They frame policies with the help of bureaucrats and take forward the administration of the country as per the Indian constitution and are responsible for the parliament. The education and economy show good progress and social standards are rising. India has achieved food security and is striving to achieve energy security. India is one of the largest economies in the world. Indian GDP is around 90 lakh crore [i.e., 1800 billion dollars]. Indian annual budget is around 14 lakh crore [i.e., 270 billion dollars].  Various government schemes like RTE [Right to Education] and Sarva Siksha Abhiyan are implemented to educate the children and adults. RTI [Right to Information] is being implemented to improve the accountability and enhance the transparency in governance. MGNREGA [Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act] is passed to provide the compulsory employment to rural youth. Public health Care is being implemented and India became Polio Free Nation this year. The role of women in family and society has also improved. The number of girls going to educational institutions and doing jobs has improved. Women have become independent and are competing with men in many fields. In field of Defence India is competing with the world. It has built world class missiles and advanced nuclear warheads. It is in par with the Leading countries like US, Russia, France, Germany and China. India is racing towards acquiring the name of superpower.


However these are all one side of the coin. On the other side of the coin we have a different picture of India which influences majority of her part. India has the highest amount of black money, a value of about 75 lakh crore [i.e., 80% of our GDP]. Indian foreign debts are around 25 lakh crore [i.e., 25% our GDP]. India is the 96th country among the 156 counties surveyed in rankings of corruption by a leading international magazine. India has around 42% i.e., around 50 crore population below poverty line. They are extremely poor and earn less than Rs 32 in rural areas and Rs 52 in urban areas. The people below living of Rs 92 are a shocking 78-80 crore. Only the remaining 45 crore consists of middle and upper class. This is as per the latest UNICEF reports. Caste system is still prevalent. Manual scavenging is still in practise in most parts of northern India. Assaults on women are on record high rise with Delhi topping the list. Unemployment is growing at an alarming rate. Water and Energy crisis are under mattress now. The import subsidy on crude oil is mounting high. Politicians are business man are looting the country. Youth have become dormant to these issues. Large number of people is lacking dedication to their duty and values. During the times of kings “Yatha Raja thatha Praja” was a popular saying. But now it should be said as “Yatha Praja thatha Raja”. Because it is democracy and moreover these corrupt and inefficient politicians were also common people and represent them to a greater extent. India is facing a lot of problems today. These problems are related to the fields of society, economy, politics, education, health and religion. These problems overlap each other and effect directly or indirectly the entire country. These are often viewed at a glance from the top. People who try to solve these problems try to address them at surface and do not go to the roots of origin. They suggest measures to stop these problems and not solve these problems. These are hence like temporary measures and will not give a long time result. I have gone in depth to the base of these problems and analysed them to the core.

The problems that top the list are:
1.    Corruption
2.    Caste system
3.    Poverty
4.    Unemployment
5.    Human trafficking especially women trafficking & child trafficking
6.    Economic problems like inflation and rupee depreciation

Most people refer to these as problems. But I say these are not problems and in fact the symptoms of an underlying problem. These are indicators of problem that is root cause for all these. They indicate that there is a problem underneath. I mean to say that fall in rupee value is not a problem but the fall in production of manufacturing sector is the real problem. The fall in rupee value just indicates it. It’s a symptom that points to problem underneath. 70% of population depend on agriculture and yet contribute only 26%. How far is this justifiable? Farmers are hardly able to make any profit even after a season of crop. 300 farmers have committed suicide in Karnataka alone. A man in urban area earns more in a month than what a farmer with his family earns in a season. The per person contribution to GDP in rural area is very less when compared to urban. This situation can be improved by providing high quality subsidy seeds and fertilisers and by giving ‘supportive price’ to the harvest every season. In a similar manner if we analyse and try to find the root cause then all these symptoms or issues assumed as problem disappear. Let me tell you an example to make this concept clearer. Consider the case of health of a human body. When some foreign organism enters our body the immune system in the body tries to drive out the bacteria or virus. This it performs by cold, cough or by raising body’s temperature so that the germs are killed [fever]. When we go to doctor he gives us medicines for these symptoms i.e., cold, cough and fever. The symptoms fade away for a while, but later again follow up. The laws, rules and regulations made are like this temporary relief. These do not give permanent relief. These are required but not these alone. A good doctor when consulted tries to find the type of bacteria behind these ill effects. He gives medicines for cold, cough & fever and cures the bacteria or disease as well. Hence I recommend that we have to frame rules, regulations and laws which control these ill effects, but, it is also important that we should find the problem underneath and treat it.


So now the question arises!!! What is the problem here that is leading to all these ill effects like corruption, caste system, poverty, unemployment etc???
I’ve found this after spending some time extensively studying these issues and profoundly thinking and analysing.  The problem is this:
“The quality in a human life has degraded”. More precisely, “the quality in essential factors of human life has degraded”.
You may question me, how can you say that the quality in human life has shrunk when we have developed so much. Yes, we have developed to a great extent. In terms of the basic amenities like food, clothes and shelter we have improved a lot. We have good food to eat, proper clothes to wear and live in comfortable houses. We have travelled from raw meat to rice and roti and from there we are going to burgers, sandwiches and pizzas. We have branded clothes to wear from Levi’s to lifestyle. We have ultra modern offices and duplex houses. But is this all that constitutes the quality? My answer is No, because these are factors supporting life. They are supporting factors but not essential factors. The essential factors are the goal or destiny of life, the core capabilities or skills in a person the values that he abide by, the responsibilities that he discharges towards his life, his family, his country and this world at a large extent. In short essential factor is what makes up a man, the quality or core capability or the work he performs. There is degradation in quality of these factors like skills, values and responsibilities. All these are making the quality in human life to degrade. The lack of awareness, negligence, irresponsibility, fear, selfishness, lust for money & pleasures all constitute this fall in quality of human life. “The Quality” here refers to everything like knowledge efficiency & skills, physical mental & spiritual strengths, respect to elders, love & affection to younger ones, person to person interaction, peace & content and some more like this. The Quality just means the Quality of our life. Unfortunately this has come down. This is where the problem aroused. It started showing its effects in form of all the above mentioned symptoms.   
Is there no way to improve the quality of human life…?  Is there no way to rebuild these qualities in human persona? Is there no way to solve this problem and transform our country and this world? Can’t we transform our country and this world into that heaven of freedom? A place where no man suffers of hunger and poverty, no man is exploited by the other; the strong protects the weak, the mind lead forward into an age of profound thinking and wisdom. Can’t we build such a country and world? Can’t we build a country as dreamt by our fore fathers, freedom fighters and nation builders?

The answer is this.

Yes… we can… We can improve the quality in human life… We can solve all the problems… We can transform our country… We can make our dreams come true… we can make the souls of our fore fathers and nation builders rest in peace…

For this we have to think in depth and analyse the factors surrounding these problems. As I analysed there are few factors that influence the lives of human beings in this world. The same factors influence the development of a country at the larger extent. They are as follows:

1.    Education
2.    Economy
3.    Society
4.    Politics
5.    Health
6.    Religion [ more precisely its spiritualism]

1.    Education: the core capabilities of a person and/or the education system in the country.

2.    Economy: the economic status of a person and/or the economy of the country.

3.    Society: the society around the person and/or the social conditions in that country.

4.    Politics: the politics above the person and/or the political situation in the country.

5.    Health: health of the person and/or health and hygiene atmosphere in the country.

6.    Religion: the religion followed by the person and/or religion sin the country.


These six factors influence the lives of every person and development of every country. Now by bringing about fundamental changes in these basic factors we can enhance the quality of life. The fall in quality of these factors are responsible for the fall in quality of human life. Among these Education, Politics and Religion are primary factors. The rest two are secondary factors. The change in secondary factors will not yield great results but change in these primary factors will change the secondary ones. Hence we have to first concentrate on the primary factors. Study the existing systems, the ill effects of the system and come out with a solution to these problems. We have to bring in new Education system and Political System to clean these ill effects. The religion must be rationale and scientific in temper. We have to bring in new and right form of

1.] The Education System

2.] The Political System

3.] The Religion [more precisely spiritualism]

There is huge percentage of unemployment in India. This is mainly because of lack of skills. There is severe shortage of skilled workforce. The skilled workforce can be improved by improving the standard of education. I mean something different by the word standard. I have studied the Education System in India. I have studied its history, its nature and philosophy prior to British, The Education system under British and present education system. I have mentioned the facts and ill effects. I have come with a new Education system. I have described its philosophy and nature of implementation. I’m sure that this system will give us the desired results.
As far as Politics is concerned I feel youth must come into the politics. They must take an active role in social causes and should take part in public service. Serving the people must be criteria rather than aspiring to be leader or politician. Because I think Leadership is a responsibility that the people would confer to the person they trust. It is a holy responsibility and more over it is like a reward. People give it you. One should not give importance to the result rather the preference should be given to the service, service to public. There will be a change when this type of approach takes form. I need to still study in detail these issues politics and religion after which I can suggest something.
In order to implement our ideology and bring out fundamental and systematic changes in various fields we require a large network. A large network of people working for it and also we require abundant financial support. An organisation is started in this regard. The name of the organisation is:

“NAVA YUGA NIRMAN [NYN] FOUNDATION”

It will have to teams working under it and chasing the organisation’s goals. They are

YOUTH FOR TRANSFORMATION [YFT]

PHILANTHROPISTS FOR TRANSFORMATION [PFT]

NAVA YUGA NIRMAN [NYN] FOUNDATION

NAVA YUGA NIRMAN [NYN] FOUNDATION is the name of the organisation established to lead India and world to a New Age. I felt this title will completely express the organisation’s goal. NAVA stands for ‘New’, YUGA stands for ‘Age’, NIRMAN stands for ‘Building’ - “Building a New Age” is our goal. An age which establishes the heaven of freedom on earth is our vision. We dream for realising such a society. A society clear of all basic problems like corruption, caste system, poverty, unemployment & human trafficking, a society where every man lives his life like a free man, a society with strong, intellectual and civilised people is our dream. We are working for such a society. The organisation takes up programmes to implement its ideology and to achieve its goals. Funds are raised in parallel to the programmes. There will be different programs in different fields. All these programs are designed by the members of the organisation. For this purpose the organisation is divided into two teams. They are:

1.    YOUTH FOR TRANSFORMATION [YFT]

2.    PHILANTHROPISTS FOR TRANSFORMATION [PFT]

Each team has its own clearly defined duties and are responsible to discharge them.  The team YFT works on the programmes part. It designs the programmes that realise the organisational goals which in turn serve the society and mankind. The team PFT supports financially by raising funds. They raise funds needed for implementing programmes, salary for staff and other expenses. The constitution of the organisation Nava Yuga Nirman [NYN] Foundation will be discussed in detail in upcoming pages. It will be registered as per as a charitable trust and later as an NGO. 

YOUTH FOR TRANSFORMATION [YFT]

Youth – an age full of energy, enthusiasm and a huge potential. Men and women of this age are always a new hope to a family, society or a country. They bring in something new to this world. New ideas, new thoughts, views and altogether add a new flavour to the life and the way they perceive it. I believe that with proper guidance youth can do anything and everything. They have the potential, the abilities and mainly the strength to perform a particular task, however big it is. It is mainly the issue of how these ends are met and how they are guided. When this energy and abilities are given proper motivation and guidance we can achieve everything, we can change anything. In fact we can transform the entire country and for that case we can transform the entire world. Youth are true warriors. They always seek something adventurous in life. They want to scale new heights. They undertake new paths to reach their goals and destiny. If this energy and enthusiasm are tapped and directed in a good direction they will result fruitfully. Just like a horse eyes are prevented from looking all around and are guided to look straight, so should youth be guided to perform tasks that have national interests and serves for the welfare mankind.

A ‘Change’ is something like water to water vapour. It can come back to the state of water vapour. But ‘Transformation’ is something like a coal to diamond. There will be no fall back. As long as we work for the change we cannot do something absolute and everlasting. It comes back to its original state after sometime. All the energy and time spent in that work will be a waste. We have to work for a complete ‘Change’, a transformation, it is a complete thing. We have to start with the change and go beyond it so that we can transform completely. We can transform ourselves, we can transform the society, we can transform the country and we can transform this world also. All that we need is the right ideology, right path to implement the ideology, right resources to support this transformation process. We seek such transformation. Transforming India and Transforming world into that heaven of freedom as described by the lines of an extract taken from Gitanjali. We dream of a place free of poverty and hunger, free from diseases and free from corruption. We don’t dream of an ideal world. We dream for a complete world. We don’t dream for something unnatural. We dream for a world where no person dies of hunger and thirst. This is not unnatural. Poverty is unnatural. It should be removed. We dream of a world where people don’t console themselves to live without dignity and self respect due to lack of clothes or shelter or any necessities of life. We work for our dreams. We provide basic amenities for people those who lack them and work on the core problem of “degradation of quality in essential factors of human life”. We work for this transformation and therefore I named this working force in memory of the goal itself. Our goal is transformation and people who work are youth and are guided by the wise and elderly people. Thus, Youth for Transformation has taken birth.

PHILANTHROPISTS FOR TRANSFORMATION

Philanthropists are people who donate something. They give back something to the society and country where they were born and raised. It can be in form of money or service. This concept of philanthropy is a quite ancient one in India. We all read that the kings, nobles and wealthy people donated huge amounts of money to the temples, saints, Gurukuls and ashrams. Indians are known for their generosity. Yet in India the percentage of philanthropy is very low. Majority of the people donate some part of their income to the temples, mosques, churches and such religious places. These resources are utilised for the benefits of religious ceremonies whose fruits are not available to the poor and needy. The rest of the people are not so generous to give to a beggar, a cause or an organisation. They offer money at the temple even if a beggar outside is dying of thirst and hunger.
This situation must change. Middle class comprising lawyers, doctors, engineers, teachers and other professionals should contribute some part of their annual income to the social welfare programmes. They should be motivated to take part in these activities. Even if the magnitude of alms given by a middle class philanthropist is less, it makes a difference when 10 such philanthropists contribute. When 100 such philanthropists it makes even bigger difference. When thousands of such philanthropists contribute then we can undertake a high budget project. This is the goal of PFT, to motivate common man of being socially responsible and to make him contribute to the service of society and mankind.
Our slogan is ‘1 for 100’. I mean we ask people to contribute one rupee for every 100 rupees they earn. A person who earns 10000 rupees can give 100 from his part. Today Indian population is 122 crore. The population of youth aged between 15 and 35 are 70 crore. In this more than 30 crore youth earn an amount greater than 10000 rupees. And reaching to at least 1 crore such people is our target.

ABOUT THIS MOVEMENT

1.    GOAL: TO TRANSFORM OUR COUNTRY AND TO TRANSFORM OUR WORLD BY INDIVIDUAL TRANSFORMATION

2.    VISION: TO MAKE THIS WORLD A BETTER PLACE TO LIVE IN BY REALISING ‘THE HEAVEN OF FREEDOM’ AS DESCRIBED IN THE ‘GITANJALI’ BY RABINDRANATH TAGORE. 

3.    MISSION: TO BRING IN IDEOLOGICAL & SYSTEMATIC CHANGES, ACCORDING TO THE NEW AGE, IN LIFE INFLUENCING FACTORS LIKE EDUCATION, ECONOMY, SOCIETY, POLITICS, HEALTH AND RELIGION.

4.    OBJECTIVES:

A.    TO ESTABLISH AN ORGANISATION CALLED AS ‘NYN FOUNDATION’
B.    TO  DIVIDE MEMBERS AND WORK AS TWO TEAMS ‘YFT’ AND ‘PFT’
C.    TO TAKE UP PROGRAMMES IN EACH FIELD THAT INFLUENCES LIFE AND THERE BY IMPROVE ITS QUALITY